Learn background on Scottish tartans and how to identify ones associated with your ancestry.
I've traced my ancestry to Scotland. How can I find out if I have a tartan?
A. All Scots can claim a tartan—your task is figuring out which one best fits you. Start by visiting the Scottish Tartan Society's Web site, where you can search its Scottish Tartan World Register totaling more than 2,500 patterns. You can search for tartans by name or keyword. If that produces no matches, try a "sept search." Instead of looking for tartans, this search finds families your surname might be associated with, perhaps because of a historic allegiance, migration or distortion of the name over time. You can then use the sept results for a new tartan search.
But don't be surprised if a surname search yields no results. "Only about 20 percent of Scottish surnames have a clan/family connection," says society researcher Keith Lumsden. Though people often associate tartans with clans, there are actually nine other types (all of which are included in the register): district, regimental, royal, chief, hunting, dress, trade, mourning and corporate.
So if you can't claim a clan tartan, you can wear the district tartan for the area where your ancestor was born, married or did business—pretty much any connection will do. Or you can don the regimental "Black Watch," the official government plaid that's considered universal. Other tartan types are variations of these categories—for example, "hunting" tartans use more subdued shades for camouflage and "dress" tartans contain brighter hues—so it's possible that a family or district could have multiple tartans.
If you still haven't settled on a plaid to represent your pedigree, you can send your genealogical information to the society and it will create a "tartan report" for you for between 10 and 20 pounds (about $14 to $28). The society also designs new "family" tartans that can be added to its register. Write to: Register of All Publicly Known Tartans, Port-na-Craig Road, Pitlochry, PH16 5ND, Scotland.