Where to find Maryland census records, immigration records, land records, maps, vital records and more.
Don't assume you're out of luck for census records before 1790. Maryland took a colonial census in 1776 for most counties. Unlike many other early censuses, this one lists the name, age, and race of each family member for some counties. In 1778, almost all the males 18 years and older took an oath of fidelity. This list has been published in Bettie Stirling Carothers' Maryland Oaths of Fidelity, two vols. (B.S. Carothers, 1971). Males who did not take the oath were primarily Friends (Quakers) and others who objected on religious basis. Some records survive of adult males who did not take the oath; these have also been compiled by Bettie Stirling Carothers in 1778 Census of Maryland (B.S. Carothers, 1975).